Academic Guidelines Under Autonomy


The Indian higher education has mainly been under the affiliating system, wherein all colleges are linked to a University which prescribes its syllabus and organizes, controls and oversees the evaluation system.  However, with a view to improve the quality of higher education, the Government of India, through the UGC, has recommended the delinking of academically well-established colleges from the affiliating system with a view to promote academic excellence. Hence, the emergence of an autonomous college, which is mandated to:

  • Determines and prescribes its own course of study and syllabi
  • Prescribes rules for admission in consonance with the Reservation Policy of the State Government.
  • Evolve methods of assessing students’ performance, conduct examinations and declare the examination results along with the corresponding marksheets.
  • Uses modern tools of educational technology to achieve higher standards, incentivize creativity and promote best practices for the benefits of society at large.

Recognizing the academic excellence of St Xavier’s College, Mumbai, the UGC, State Government and University of Mumbai, have conferred on it the status of an academically Autonomous College from June 2010. Although St Xavier’s College, Mumbai, is academically autonomous, the Graduation Degree will be conferred by University of Mumbai.



The College conducts three assessments for all theory and practical courses in each semester, in the following manner:

  • Two Continuous Internal Assessments (CIA I and CIA II) for 40 % of the total marks per course.
  • One End Semester Examination (ESE) for 60 % of the total marks of the said course.


Theory: Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA):

  • Usually two CIAs are held during a semester per course:
    1. 15 and 25 marks respectively in the 1st Semester only
    2. 20 marks per CIA in the remaining Semesters.
    3. It is possible that a course (in consultation with the Principal) may club the two CIAs into one (40 marks). In this case the lecturer concerned has to give to the Principal the breakup of continuous marking scheme.
    4. It is also possible that the 20 marks of CIA II could be broken down into assignments running throughout the concerned Semester (in consultation with the Principal).
    5. The clubbing of CIAs and the breakup of CIA II marks does not apply to Semester I.
  • There will be no retests for the CIAs. Any student who misses either CIA I or CIA II or both can acquire the 40% required to pass the course through the 60-mark ESE.
  • Special CIA Clause: The Principal will request the concerned Department(s) to hold a Special CIA Test (of one or more courses) for a student, within the same semester, under the following circumstances:
    1. If the Principal allows a student to represent the College at or to participate in some event (academic / cultural / sports) and this causes the student to miss a CIA Test (of one or more courses) (Note:The concerned event could be either a couple of weeks prior to or during the CIA period).
    2. If, just prior to or during a CIA, a student is stricken by a serious illness and the presented medical papers have been verified by the College.  (Note: The medical papers and the Parent's note would have to be presented to the College within two days of the sickness, for this clause to hold).
    3. If just prior to or during the CIA a bereavement (of an immediate family member) occurs. (Note:In this case the Death Certificate of the departed and the Parent's note will have to be given to the College within 2 days of returning to College, for this clause to hold).
    4. For the same student, the Principal will exercise this discretionary power for only one of the two CIAs of a semester.
  • If a student fails to score 40 % in the overall total of that paper, such a student will have to appear for the Additional 100 marks Examination (in the subsequent semester) and forego all the CIA marks earned in the on-going semester in that course.


Theory: End Semester Examination (ESE)

  • The ESE is for a maximum of 60 marks of 2 hours duration.
  • There will be bar coding (for TYs) and masking (for FYs and SYs) of the answer sheets prior to assessment.
  • For the F.Y / S.Y. courses there will be a Single Evaluation with Moderation for all courses as shown below:
    1. The assessed papers of the top 4 scores of the course from each division;
    2. 20% of the rest of the assessed papers on a random basis.
  • If a moderator finds some problems with the assessment of a paper, the option to increase the number of papers moderated could be exercised in consultation with the Principal.
  • If 30% or more of the moderated papers assessed by a particular examiner of a course have a change of more than 15% of total marks assigned to the paper, a blind moderation will be required by a second moderator. If the change is upheld, all the answer papers of that group will have to be re-evaluated blind by the second moderator. The re-evaluated marks will be the final score awarded.
  • At the Third Year, there will be a Double-Blind Evaluation through an external examiner and the teacher of the course and an average of the two scores will be the marks awarded. If 30% or more of the double blind evaluated papers assessed by a particular examiner of a course have a change of more than 15% of total marks assigned to the paper, a third blind evaluation will be required. The average of the internal and final evaluated marks will be the ultimate score awarded.



  • The Practical component per course is for 50 marks, of which Journal is for 5 marks and the ESE is for 45 marks or CIA for 15 marks and ESE for 30 marks.
  • Science subjects have a Practical component per course as:

FYBSc (except Mathematics)        (2 courses / semester)

SYBSc (except Mathematics)        (3 courses / semester)

TYBSc (including Mathematics)     (4 courses / semester)

  • For Mathematics in:

FYBSc there are no Practicals.

SYBSc the Practical Component is for Courses 3.03 and 4.03

TYBSc there is a Practical Component in all the Courses.

  • In Statistics for Arts:

FYBA           (1 course / semester)

SYBA           (2 courses / semester)

TYBA           (3 courses / semester)

  • In Psychology (Courses: A.PSY.5.05 and A.PSY.6.05 - TYBA) there is a 100 marks Practical Course per semester. The breakup of the 100 marks is: Journal 20; viva-voce 20 and ESE 60.
  • All practical journals have to be signed by the Faculty-in-Charge (FIC) at each of these Practicals. The HoD along with the FIC will certify these Journals. No marks will be given for attendance at practicals, but the journal will be certified only against the completion of 75% attendance at the Practicals. 
      • A student whose Journal is not certified in a Course will be given ZERO marks for the Journal in that Course. 
      • The Journal Marks will be carried forward if a student fails or is absent for the corresponding practical of the Course.
  • The ESE Practical Examination (45 marks) of any Course need not be held only at the end of that semester; it could be held (in consultation with the Principal) through the semester. In such a case, the Department is expected to ultimately submit to the Examination Department the Consolidated Marks (per Course).
  • The Practical ESE marks per Course in the subject would be recorded and maintained by the Department and submitted at the end of the Semester to the Examination Department.
  • NO Additional ESE for Practicals will be held within the on-going semester, unless permitted by the Principal. 
  • If, for the Practicals, a student is absent or fails to get 40% of the total practical marks (i.e., 40/100 or 60/150 or 50/200) then an Additional Practical ESE will be held when the concerned Practical Examination is held for the next batch of students in the subsequent academic year(s). However, for Mathematics and Statistics, the Additional Exams will be held in the subsequent semester.
  • A student will have to appear for the Practicals of all the Courses of the subject that he / she has chosen.  
  • If a TYBSc / TYBA student fails in or is absent for one or more of the Practicals in Semester V, he / she will be allowed to appear for the Additional Examination in Semester VI of the concerned academic year. 
  • If a TYBSc / TYBA student fails in or is absent for the Practicals in Semester VI, he / she will have to appear for these practicals in the subsequent Semester V of the following academic year.
  • The Practical marks per Course in the subject (i.e., CIA marks from those Departments who hold CIA for Practicals and ESE) would be recorded & maintained by the Dept. and submitted at the end of the semester to the Examination Department.



  • To Pass a Theory Course a student is required to obtain a minimum of 40% of the total marks allotted to that course, which includes CIA I, CIA II and the ESE. 
    • If a student fails to secure the required minimum 40 % of the total marks or was absent at one or more of the three assessments per semester, that student will have to re-appear for the Additional 3-hours Examination for 100 marks at the end of the subsequent semester.
    • Unless permitted by the Principal, no additional CIA will be held. 
    • There will only be an Additional Examination (3 hours, 100 - marks) one semester later, with 40% as the passing marks.
    • Only the marks secured by a student at the Additional 100 -marks paper will be the marks ultimately awarded.
  • To Pass a Practical Course: A student is required to secure a minimum of 40% of the total marks allotted for the said course.
    • If a student appears for an Additional Practical Examination, the Practical Marks obtained earlier are annulled.
    • The marks obtained at the Additional Practical Examination will be the marks ultimately awarded.



  • Grace marks for passing: Up to a maximum 1% of the Grand Total per semester can be added to any Course(s) to fulfill the passing norms.
  • Grace marks for Award of Class: Up to 1% will be added to the Grand Total to obtain a 2nd Class or 1st Class provided the student has not obtained grace marks for passing in any Course. (Note: this applies only to the final Consolidated Marksheet).
  • A student will be entitled for 10 Grace Marks, which will be added to his / her Even Semester Marksheet in the academic year when he / she represented the College in sports, NCC or cultural activities and were among the winners (1st, 2nd or Runners-up) or have reached the quarter finals of any competition held by the University of Mumbai.
  • The students who have passed in all subjects are still be eligible for the Grace Marks as indicated in 5.4.3. In this case these Grace Marks will be distributed over 3 subjects so that the benefit is reflected in such a student’s Grade Point Average.
  • There are no Grace Marks awarded for the Additional Examination.



  • A 4-Point Grade System is adopted – it involves calculations for a Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) and the final Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA).
  • Marksheets are issued per Semester & per Additional Examination.
  • Those students who do not register for the Additional Examination within the stipulated period will not be permitted to appear for the concerned examination(s).
  • Those students who fail in Courses adding up to 12 credits or less, across both semesters in an academic year, will be ‘Allowed to Keep Terms’ (ATKT) and appear for the Additional Examination(s) in the subsequent Semester.
  • Those students who fail in Courses adding up to more than 12 credits across both semesters in an academic year will be declared failed in that academic year.
  • Students who have not cleared Semester I or II or III or IV will not be allowed to appear for the Semester VI examination.
  • The Semester VI results of any student will not be declared until that student has cleared all the Courses from Semesters I to V.
  • A student who is not satisfied with the evaluation of his / her paper in any Course, can apply (by the date notified on the Examination Notice Board), for a photo-copy and / or a re-evaluation of the answer paper.
    1. If the re-evaluation reveals a (+ / -) 15% or greater difference, an average of the first evaluation and of the re-evaluation will be the final score awarded.
    2. If the re-evaluation reveals a less than (+ / -) 15% then the original marks will be retained.
  • Error(s) in the marksheet (i.e., change in name, marks, SGPA, CGPA) have to be brought to the notice of the General Office via the Principal / Vice-Principal within 30 days of the distribution of the marksheets.  No changes in the marksheet will be entertained after the lapse of these 30 days.



  • The College expects 100% attendance at all lectures / practicals per chosen Course. As there are legitimate reasons why 100% attendance is not possible, a minimum of 75% attendance is made mandatory (refer: Ordinance 119 vide University’s Circular No. UG/502 of 1999).
  • A student with less than 75% attendance in a Course will not be allowed to appear for the ESE in that Course. 
  • A condonation up to 50% of lectures / practicals per Course could be made at the discretion of the Principal, in the following cases:
    1. Serious illness authenticated by a Doctor’s Certificate and Medical Records & submitted within 2 days of resuming college.
    2. Other serious reasons, with validating documents (acceptable to the Principal) & submitted within 2 days of resuming college.
    3. No condonation is possible if a course’s attendance, for whatever reason(s), is below 50% of the said course’s lectures / practicals.
  • For students who are sent by the Principal to represent the College, the total attendance will be reduced by number of days spent representing College. However, such students will have to login at least 75 % attendance of the lessened total.
  • Unless unavoidable, students are not allowed to miss lectures, practicals, CIAs or ESE without the prior permission of the Principal. Absence without prior permission will make students liable to disciplinary action, including denial of Terms.
  • Absence from any Test / Exam must have documentary justification which must be presented, to the concerned Vice-Principal within two days of returning to College:
    1. In case of illness, a Medical Certificate and Medical Records must be produced.
    2. In case of bereavement, the Death Certificate will have to be submitted.
    3. No documents will be accepted after the two days.
  • The Leave Application / Medical Papers must be accompanied by:
    1. A covering letter from the Parent or Guardian of the student.
    2. The duly filled College Absence Record Form (which is available in the Photocopy Centre of the College).
  • Serious illness or other circumstances are valid reasons for absence from lectures, practicals and exams. However, if the College is not provided with sufficient evidence of academic participation by the concerned student, the College may not grant such a student terms for the concerned Course(s) in that Semester. Such students would have to repeat the concerned Course in the next academic year.
  • Attendance Grades (AG) (as shown in Table below) for each course will be displayed in the semester Marksheets. 

Attendance Range (%) per Course


100 to 95


< 95 to 90


<90 to 85


<85 to 80


<80 to 75


< 75


Debarred Students who pass the Additional Exams


Note: TNG = Terms Not Granted (Debarred for ESE in that Course)

  • The AG for those students appearing for the Additional 100 marks Examinations and were not debarred for the ESE of that Course, will be the same as that secured during the said semester. 
  • The AG ‘D’ will be given to students who were debarred and have passed the Additional Examination of the said Course.
  • Students, who have been debarred twice within the 1st four semesters, will not be re-admitted in the subsequent academic year.



  • Two mandatory (Non-Academic) ECC will be required to be earned by a student to obtain a Degree. 
  • Each student has to log-in a minimum of 60 hours of EC activities over the 3-year of UG studies in the following manner: 20 hours in FY; 30 hours in SY and 10 hours in Semester V.
    • If, by Semester VI, a student fails to earn these mandatory hours as stipulated in 5.7.2., he / she will have to do 10 additional monitored SIP hours in Semester VI.
  • The students’ EC progress, in terms of hours & quality of participation is monitored and recorded by the EC Committee (ECCom), under the supervision of the EC Faculty-in-Charge. The ECC Grade awarded will be either ‘A’ or ‘A+’.
  • The following activities are eligible for EC credits:
    1. Representing College at ECCom. approved competitions / NCC
    2. Engaging in the co- & extra-curricular activities of the College Associations / Departments (These activities have to be certified by the Association’s Faculty-in-Charge or HoD). 
    3. Being a member of the College Magazine Committee or Students’ Council or any approved College Student Body.
    4. Involving in Malhar/Paradigm/Jan-Fest as organizer / volunteer.
    5. Enrolling in activities organized by the Student Council, SSL, AICUF, I.M.G. and other such bodies approved by College.
    6. Participating in Sports, certified by the College Sports Director.
    7. Involving in the International programmes of the College.
    8. Providing on campus services, through the XRCVC, students with disabilities on campus.
  • Students are advised to check the College website for the ECC data submission procedure.



  • Two mandatory (Non-Academic) SIP Credits will be required to be earned by each student to obtain a degree.
  • These credits have to be completed over semesters I or II by working with an NGO assigned by the SIP Department. 
  • The SIP Credits is based on 50 hours of activity as shown below:
    1. 45 hours of actual social activity with the assigned NGO. This service with the assigned NGO will be monitored by the SIP Department of the College.
    2. 5 hours of service conducted by the Departments of the College. This service must be discipline-centric and so monitored by the concerned Department. These records will have to be submitted to the SIP Department by the last week of February of the academic year.



  • Internships / Fieldwork experiences are encouraged by the College so that students gain practical experience in their sphere of study.
  • For this activity to be awarded the two Non-Mandatory Credits on the Consolidated Marksheet, the following protocol should be followed:
    1. It must be undertaken only during the breaks between Semesters IV & V or Semesters V & VI.
    2. Minimum of 60 hours of experience, and only 6 hours per day.
    3. It has to be first approved by the Department’s HoD through which the student would graduate (Single / Double Major).
  • The concerned Dept. would have to monitor this activity as under:
    1. The HoD, on behalf of the student, would issue a request letter to the organization in which this activity will be undertaken.
    2. The Dept. would collect from the student the certification given to him / her by the said organization, post the internship.
    3. The Department would then conduct a viva to verify the quality of the tasks undertaken by the student in the said organization. 
    4. On certifying that the activity is acceptable, the Dept. would then submit a report to the Examination Dept., not later than the end of February of the that student’s Semester VI.



Transfer of Credits from Other Institutions

  • The College will accept the transfer of credits for one semester from another institution within India (limited to A Grade Colleges or otherwise of repute) or from a University of repute abroad. 
  • The student will be expected to earn as many credits to complete the semester as demanded by the host institution. 
  • The College will transfer the number of credits that it normally has for the semester missed, notwithstanding the number of credits that the host institution grants.  
  • Students can go to:
    1. An Indian institution only during Semester III or IV. 
    2. A foreign institution (whose academic year begins in August / September), only during Semester IV. 
  • Only students with a minimum CGPA of 3.0 and a minimum attendance average of 75% in the first 3 semesters would be permitted to avail of this facility. 
  • To encourage a choice based credit system, these students will be allowed to choose any academic courses at the host institution in addition to at least two courses (in the semester pattern) in the subject that he / she is going to major in (or a minimum of one each for a double major).
    1. It is therefore necessary that the student gets a prior clearance regarding the type of mandatory courses required, from the college Head(s) of Department(s) in which he / she hopes to major in.
    2. The onus of responsibility to cover up any such requirements will rest on the student. The Department can conduct an evaluation of the Course-work done by the student in the other academic institution, prior to accepting the said Courses into the academic programme of the College.


Transfer of Credits to the Honours Programme (For 2017-18 TYs only)

  • Students doing short term academic courses in India or abroad can apply to count them as Inter-Disciplinary Transfer Credits for the Honours Programme.
  • The Council for International Programmes (C.I.P.) can assist in determining whether one or two credits can be given for such foreign programme.
  • A Department can offer an Honours Credit for the faculty-guided work done within ambit of the subject, either within College or in some other institutions during the breaks between semesters.



  • Parents are invited to make inquiries about their child’s attendance and performance either:
    1. At the General Office or the concerned Department(s).
    2. Through the college website: (Click on ‘Parent Login’, current Class serves as Username and the current Roll No. as Password).
  • If a student takes ill suddenly during college hours, preliminary first aid will be administered by the College. However, it is advisable that the Parent / Guardian come personally to the College to take their child / ward home or for further medical treatment / advice.
  • In case a student suffers from a chronic medical condition (either physical / mental), self-disclosure (with supporting medical documents) by the parents would help the College in administering the appropriate medical assistance, in case of an emergency. 
    1. Parents are advised to promptly bring such medical details to the attention of the Teacher-Mentor / concerned Vice-Principal.
    2. Confidentiality, of both the student as well as the nature of the illness, is assured by the College. 
  • A student suffering from a contagious illness should not come to college (for lectures / tests / exams), as it puts other students at risk.  
    1. A medical letter will have to be submitted by the Parents / Guardian to the Principal reporting the illness so that the absence of the student is noted. 
    2. Such a student will be allowed to return to college if and only if a ‘Fitness Certificate’ issued by a Medical Practitioner is submitted to the Principal.  
    3. Serious action will be taken against any student who flouts the rules.
  • The College will attempt to notify Parents of debarred students via postal mail and email prior to the commencement of the examinations. 
  • Parents, of debarred students, can discuss this matter with the concerned Vice-Principal or write a letter to the Principal.



Wherever an issue has not been covered by these Autonomy Rules of the College, the Rules and Statutes of the University of Mumbai would apply, as long as the latter does not go against the spirit of the College Autonomy arrangements.

Additional information